The introduction of the concept of utilizing software to produce hardware was an ingenious move that saw the advent of technology specialized to enhance convenience and efficiency. CNC machining has come a long way in evolving the machinery used in industrial production.
Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machining allows the manufacture of metal products with intricate detailing that is barely possible by hand. It is less time-consuming and accuracy is the mantra of these digital machines. Involved in the CNC process are the two main types of machining tools. The CNC Lathe and the CNC Milling machine.
While the two are distinctly diverse tools, there exist some common threads between them. Here, we will try to understand briefly, the differences separating the CNC machines.
Jotting down the Key differences
The intrinsic working principle of the CNC Lathe and the CNC Mill are generally the same. In fact, even a used CNC lathe or a used CNC mill function just about the same. Known as Subtractive Machining, each starts working on a block of the given material, shaping it into the desired end-product. It is the process or way of subtractive working that holds the differences between a CNC Lathe and a CNC Mill.
- The relationship between the workpiece and the tool
In a lathe, it is the workpiece that rotates about an axis while the cutting tool remains stationary. This effect is called ‘turning’. Working on a coded program, the material is mounted on a rotating chuck, of varying speeds, and the tool goes about its 2 axis motion, making cylindrical cuts on the piece.
Milling machine is the tool that moves along a 3 axis motion, keeping the material stationary. The material is usually mounted on a bed or vice, while the tool goes about reducing the material according to the program specifications.
- Their essential uses
Lathes are generally used for turning, facing, knurling, cutting, sanding and deforming. The various objects made from a lathe are baseball bats, pottery, blown glass, gun barrels, basically anything that starts off being cylindrical.
Milling machines perform operations like boring, drilling, shaping, rounding off edges, flattening and cutting. Various fixtures for construction purposes, gears, car parts, metal sculptures and engravings, trophies and more are made as a result of the versatile nature of the mills.
- Setup and Tools
It is clear that both machines are physically different and will require the respective adjustment of tools and proper setup measures.
Manufacturers require the services of all kinds of lathe and milling operations in the course of their production life. It becomes essential for them to pick out the right machine based on their requirements.
Hi-Tech Machinery Inc., solves most of the machine-related issues when it comes to making an informed decision about purchasing or perusing industrial machinery. Being a reliable dealer in the complete manufacturing facilities and used CNC machinery sales, the incentives of going through a reputed dealer are highly beneficial. From getting quality to goods to professional servicing on your current CNC machines, it is worth considering hiring the services of trusted suppliers when it comes down to the financing.
We at Hi-Tech Machinery Inc., are always available in case you have any further inquiries regarding the acquisition and sales of all Manufacturing equipment.