Manual Lathe machines are important and versatile machining tools that churn out products like musical instruments, cue sticks, baseball bats, gun barrels and so much more. The machines are built to handle a particular workpiece that is rotated about an axis, allowing a cutting tool to cut out the desired axis-wise symmetrical shape.
The cutting tools are worked in either the X-axis, front and back, or Z-axis left and right. Held firmly in place by a collet or chuck, the workpiece can also be held by one or two centers, enabling the horizontal movement to accommodate lengthy workpieces.
A used manual lathe machine in comparison to a brand new manual lathe machine is often the top pick for seasoned craftsmen. The manual lathe is gaining popularity due to its versatile nature; being used more for the creation of art from wood and metal.
The Various Operations of A Used Manual Lathe
The working process of a lathe involves movement of the work metal or piece while the cutting tool remains stationary. Although all the operations are essentially turning operations, one must understand how to insert the feed into the machine. Some of the various operations are:
- Knurling: This process creates indentations on the desired workpiece. Mainly used to provide a firm grip on an otherwise smooth surface.
- Drilling: Here, circular holes are drilled into the material by using drill bits of various sizes.
- Boring: An existing hole is made larger precisely, utilizing a single point cutter.
- Facing: Where the feed is given perpendicular to the lathe axis. Here, the workpiece is cut into the desired length and then machined to form a smooth, flat surface.
- Turning: Similar to the Boring process, Turning accomplishes cuts on the external surface of the workpiece when held against the cutting tools.
Read More: Tips For Operating A Used CNC Lathe
Exercising Necessary Caution
Studies indicate that unfortunate accidents happen regardless of how skilled or unskilled the operators are. Which is why it becomes fundamental to develop regular safety habits to avoid such mishaps. A couple of things to keep in mind while operating are as follows.
- Make sure that all the components of the lathe machine are fixed firmly in their allotted positions before plugging in the machine.
- Maintain personal safety by wearing eye goggles and earplugs for protection; tie-up loose hair and do not wear baggy clothes when operating the machine.
- Check all tools regularly for wear and tear. Lubricate tools that need lubrication and keep the work surface clean by wiping away any stray shavings out of the way.
- Tools that need regular alignment should be checked on.
- Always verify whether the material to be worked on is appropriate for the spindle speed that has been set.
- Be aware of the working of the machine. It is necessary to do so, since even a partial misalignment results in an unusable batch of products, effectively wasting time and delaying production.
A manual lathe machine is an evergreen investment. The rising trend in using this ingenious machine for recreational purposes indicates the versatility of this complex yet feasible tool.